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 Expert  107836

Expert in Infrared and other electro-optic detector technologies

Available for your Consulting and Expert Witness Needs

Arizona (AZ)
Education Work History Career AccomplishmentsPublicationsConsulting Services Expert Witness Market Research

Summary of Expertise: Listed with other top experts in: 
Expert has designed and modeled the performance of complete thermal imaging systems, remote temperature monitoring systems, infrared absorption systems, remote temperature monitoring systems, and other types of sensing systems. He has modeled the performance of each component of these systems and combined all of the components to generate a detailed performance model of the complete system.

He has worked in the electro-optics field since 1979. He has developed electron-bombarded silicon CCD imagers for very faint visible light. The substantial portion of expert's effort has been directed toward the development of infrared detectors and hybrid focal plane arrays and infrared imaging systems. He has studied device physics such as the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with the electrons in the detector and the effects of material defects such as dislocations and surface passivation. He has substantial wafer processing experience. He has designed infrared detectors and arrays and has helped others design the silicon readout integrated circuits (or multiplexers) to which infrared detector arrays are hybridized. He has developed interconnect processes for hybridizing infrared focal plane array procedures, including indium bump bonding and wire bonding techniques. He has designed, built, and used extensive test and characterization facilities for detectors and imaging arrays. In addition to CCDs, expert has worked with long wave, medium wave, and short wave infrared (LWIR, MWIR, and SWIR) HgCdTe, InSb, PbSe, and PbS detectors and arrays and the uncooled silicon microbolometer.

He has designed complete sensors to detect infrared radiation. This has included the detector, packaging including the Dewar and cooling system, optics, and electronics. He has also set up test facilities to calibrate the sensor. For the past 20 years, he has worked on developing infrared detectors and detection systems sensitive to 3-5 and 8-12 micrometer radiation. He has developed HgCdTe, InSb, and PbSe detectors. He has designed thermal imaging systems using large arrays of these detectors as well as microbolometers. He has also designed numerous detection systems using single-element detectors and small arrays using these detectors and several others. Expert designed a sensor that detects a hydrocarbon flame by sensing both the infrared and ultraviolet signatures of the flame over narrow spectral regions. By simultaneously detecting both IR and UV, he found that the false alarm rate to be greatly reduced.

Expert has developed complete imaging systems, including the focal plane array, Dewar, cooling system, optics, electronics, and the system interfaces. He has designed drive electronics that operate FPAs and analog and digital signal processing electronics that extract the images from the background. He has worked extensively with cryogenically-cooled systems using Stirling cycle engines and Joule-Thompson cryostats as well as thermoelectrically cooled (Peltier) and uncooled systems. Expert has set up test facilities to fully characterize infrared imaging systems and has also set up computer models that accurately predict the performance of complete imaging systems. He designed several infrared thermometers designed to remotely measure the surface temperature of objects. The application of these devices include a temperature "gun" used to measure the surfaces of industrial facilities and a controller for an induction furnace.


infrared systems engineering


detector array


focal plane electronic device


infrared detector


flame detection


flame detector


infrared sensor


mid-wave infrared radiation


infrared radiation detection


infrared imaging


infrared thermometer


temperature sensor


thermal imaging


thermal imaging technology

Over the course of his career, he led teams that developed both low-cost and high-performance infrared line scanners. Examples are a low-cost line scanner that used a thermoelectrically cooled linear PbSe FPA and operated in the MWIR band and a SWIR/MWIR multispectral high-performance line scanner that used two dimensional InSb arrays operated in the time-delay-and integrate mode and was designed for very low light levels.

He has written a set of computer programs that calculate the electromagnetic radiation emitted by a source and the radiation incident on a detector. The amount of energy and the number of photons in any spectral band can be calculated. These calculations are used extensively in designing infrared sensors and imaging systems.

Having used InSb photodiodes for detection of mid-wave infrared (MWIR) radiation for many years, expert has designed MWIR imaging systems using very large InSb arrays that detect very low radiation levels with background limited performance.

Expert has designed several infrared cameras sing InSb and HgCdTe photodiodes and PbS photoconductive detectors. The InSb and PbS cameras detected radiation in the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) 3-5 micrometer wavelength radiation region. The HgCdTe cameras detected radiation in the long wave infrared (LWIR) 8-12 micrometer wavelength region. The systems were staring and scanning. The HgCdTe and InSb scanning systems also had time-delayed-and-integrate (TDI).

In an area of secondary expertise, he designed, fabricated, and characterized charge-coupled devices (CCDs) during the development of virtual phase (uniphase) CCD at Texas Instruments. He developed a frontside-illuminated, electron-bombarded CCD that detected individual photons with a signal-to-noise ratio of 10.

He transferred manufacturing of a laser modulator from development to production. He developed computerized assembly techniques for a laser modulator that significantly reduced cost and increased reliability.

Expert has designed gas detection sensors using the absorption of infrared radiation. These sensors determine the concentration of a specific gas by measuring the amount of radiation absorbed at specific wavelengths; those wavelengths corresponding to electronic transitions in the molecules being detected. He has used several types of detectors for these sensors, depending on the cost and performance requirements.


infrared line scanner


infrared radiation energy


indium antimony


infrared camera


charge-coupled device


laser modulator


infrared absorption gas analysis

Show Secondary and Basic Areas of Expertise
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Phoenix, Arizona;  Tucson, Arizona;  Mesa, Arizona;  Glendale, Arizona;  Scottsdale, Arizona;  Chandler, Arizona;  Tempe, Arizona;  Gilbert, Arizona;  and Peoria, Arizona.

Often requested
with this expert:

Electro-Optic Systems, laser communications, optical...
Infrared Sensors and Countermeasures for Military Weapon...
Infrared Imaging
Electromagnetic Systems, Directed Energy, Radar, Electronic...

Year   Degree   Subject   Institution  
1968   PhD   Physics   Case Western Reserve University  
1962   BS   Physics   Case Institute of Technology  

Work History:
Years   Employer   Title   Responsibilities

1996 to 2015






company designs and builds infrared and other electro-optic sensors to meet specific requirements of commercial and industrial applications - work is continuing was not able to edit end year to blank

1992 to 1996


Litton Electron Devices


Business Development Manager


Development of future infrared technologies and products

1990 to 1991


Magnavox New England Research Center


Chief Scientist and FPA Product Manager


Development of infrared technologies and second generation FPA product line

1983 to 1990


McDonnell Douglas Microelectronics Center and Elect


Branch Manager


direction of infrared detector design group, multiplexer integrated circuit design group, FPA packaging group, test and evaluation group; development of high performance, second generation LWIR FPA; transition to production modulator for satellite laser communication system

1979 to 1983


Technical Staff, Texas Instruments Central Research Laborat


Member of Technical Staff


development of electron-bombarded CCD; development of second generation LWIR FPA

1972 to 1979


University of Kentucky


Assistant Professor of Physics


teaching and research

1970 to 1972


Louisiana State University


Administrative Assistant, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy


operate Department's administrative functions; primary responsibility was maintaining budgets

1968 to 1970


Louisiana State University


Post Doctoral Research Associate, Department of Physics and Astronomy


research on properties of electrons in metals

Career Accomplishments:



Executice Board of Phoenix Chapter IEEE-LEOS, Executive Board of IEEE Phoenix Area Consultants Network, Executive Board of IEEE Phoenix Section

Professional Appointments

NASA Fellow, University Fellow, Research Corporation Fellow


Post doctoral Research Associate, Louisiana State University

Publications and Patents Summary

more than 20 papers in major international journals - since 1979 nearly all publications have been in the classified literature

Selected Publications and Publishers  
 - Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)  
 - IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)  
 - Proceedings of the IRIS Speciality Group on Infrared Imaging  
 - DARPA Strategic Space Symposium Proceedings  
 - Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology  

Consulting Services:
Selected Consulting Examples:
  • Designed and built prototypes of remote temperature sensor that accurately measured temperature of object in an induction furnace and provided control signal to the furnace power system to maintain the temperature of the object at a stable, defined temperature,
  • Designed absorption sensor that determined fractions of crude oil and water ("the cut") being pumper through a pipe line from the oil well.
  • Designed and built prototypes of an after market optical sensor that detected vehicles in the driver's blind spots on both sides of an automobile or truck.
  • Provided technical support to a major manufacturer medical equipment in the development of a SiC photodiode imaging array hybridized to a Si readout chip (multiplexer or ROIC) that detected very low levels of X-ray radiation thereby providing a very high resolution image and exposing the patient to much lower levels of radiation experienced with standard X-ray machines using film.
  • Provided technical support to a major manufacturer of high voltage power line transformers that monitored the level of contaminants in the transformer cooling oil determining when the transformer had to be taken off line in order to change the oil,
Recent Client Requests:
  • Expert for consulting on Infrared Detecting System
  • Optical expert for consulting on optical circuit.
  • Motion sensor expert for consulting on Sensor for sensing through glass window.
  • Expert in motion detection for consulting on designing the circuit and components to make a simple automatic cat litter box.
  • Expert in thermal imaging technology for consulting on night vision technology.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your expert consulting needs.  Expert is available for consulting to corporate, legal and government clients.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Expert Witness:
Recent Litigation Client Requests:
  • Packaging design expert for consulting on FPA and packaging design issues.
  • Expert in infared sensor obstruction.
  • Infrared countermeasures system expert for consulting on litigation case involving IRCM systems.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding expert testimony, litigation consulting and support, forensic services, or any related expert witness services.  A few litigation needs include product liability, personal injury, economic loss, intellectual property (patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright), and insurance matters.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

International Experience:
Country / Region   Summary
England, Scotland, Germany, France, Italy, and Israel.   Expert has extensive experience conducting business in the UK (England and Scotland), Germany, France, Italy, and Israel.

Market Research:
Marketing and product development has been major job function of Expert's since 1983.

Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your marketing research, industry research, and company research needs.  For research needs involving multiple experts or secondary research, a Research Director can be assigned to coordinate the work into a custom report for you as a potentially quicker and more cost effective alternative to doing this work yourself or hiring a boutique consultancy.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Additional Skills and Services:
Supplier and Vendor Location and Selection

He had substantial experience locating and identifying vendors/suppliers for all types of infrared and other electro-optic detectors, optical components, electronics, electronic components, cryogenic cooling components and systems, vacuum systems

Other Skills and Services

Expert has owned and operated an independent consulting product development company since 1996


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