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 Expert  108086

Expert in Reactive Metals

Available for your Consulting and Expert Witness Needs

Delaware (DE)
Education Work History Career AccomplishmentsPublicationsConsulting Services Expert Witness

Summary of Expertise:

Listed with other top experts in: 

A significant portion of Expert's (Prefers Expert) career centered on the reduction of titanium tetrachloride, using magnesium and/or sodium to obtain titanium metal. In particular, one portion was involved with the high-capacity production of molten titanium directly via a flow reactor. This work also involved extreme heat transfer, high pressure, high flow rates, and precision flow control (+/- 1% over 100 microseconds).

titanium technology


titanium reduction


titanium chemistry

Expert's expertise includes the development and construction of a commercial process for manufacturing >1000 ohm cm P-type silicon to replace an original zinc reduction 200-400 ohm cm silicon process. This work required solving problems in high-voltage (>50 Kvolts) processing in a vacuum, radio frequency heating, float zone refining, silane purification, and hydrogen handling.

semiconductor material manufacturing

Expert spent a considerable amount of his career in the manufacture of metal (and alloys) sheet via a rolling mill. This work required developing scheduling for mill configuration (2 Hi, 4 Hi, single cluster, etc.), work roll crown calculation, mill loading, % thickness reduction, and annealing to produce high (>90%) yields of refractory metals (alloys) which could not be economically recycled. Early Fortran 4 programming was applied in the above calculations.

roll mill

Expert is well-versed in solving problems in reaction kinetics, yield improvement, ingredient cost reduction, new product development, process improvement, distillation, and filtration. The application of these thermodynamics, kinetics, and chemical unit operations was critical to the success of the program.


A large fraction of Expert's career has focused upon the processing of iron chloride as well its production, isolation, and purification. He is very knowledgeable regarding both ferric chloride and ferrous chloride, with an emphasis on the former. With regard to ferrous chloride, he is especially conversant with the anhydrous form. Initially, his work involved the economical recovery of chlorine. The early application of Fortran 4 to the thermodynamics, kinetic analyis, and process data reduction was a significant factor in this program.

ferric chloride processing


ferrous chloride processing


ferric chloride


ferrous chloride

A portion of Expert's career involved applying "liquid flow through porous media" unit operations to the problem of enhanced oil recovery. This work required developing analytical techniques, process flow control, and pressurized laboratory facilities.

enhanced oil recovery

Show Secondary and Basic Areas of Expertise
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;  Allentown, Pennsylvania;  Reading, Pennsylvania;  Bethlehem, Pennsylvania;  Newark, New Jersey;  Elizabeth, New Jersey;  Trenton, New Jersey;  Camden, New Jersey;  Wilmington, Delaware;  and Baltimore, Maryland.

Year   Degree   Subject   Institution  
1951   Ph.D.   Chemical Engineering,   University of Michigan  
1947   M.S.E.   Chemical Engineering,   University of Michigan  
1945   B.S.E.   Chemical Engineering,   University of Michigan  

Work History:
Years   Employer   Department   Title  

1989 to




Independent Consultant


1977 to 1988


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department, Pigments Colors Research Divison


Senior Associate Engineer


1968 to 1977


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department


Research Supervisor


1962 to 1967


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department, Color Research Division


Associate Engineer


1959 to 1962


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department, Refractory Metals Research


Associate Engineer


1956 to 1959


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department, Silicon Group


Senior Engineer


1950 to 1956


E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co.


Pigments Department, Metals Research


Chemical Engineer


Career Accomplishments:

Expert has been a member of the American Chemists Society and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.


Expert is a registered Professional Engineer in Delaware.

Publications and Patents Summary

He has two U.S. patents, one for a process to make titanium metal from sodium and titanium tetrachloride through the molten stage, and another for the production of chlorine from anhydrous ferric chloride.

Selected Publications and Publishers  
 - American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)  

Consulting Services:
Recent Client Requests:
  • Expert for consulting on Some basic Ferric Chloride questions.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your expert consulting needs.  Expert is available for consulting to corporate, legal and government clients.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Expert Witness:
Recent Litigation Client Requests:
  • Expert on pyrophoric materials for consulting on zirconium characteristics.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding expert testimony, litigation consulting and support, forensic services, or any related expert witness services.  A few litigation needs include product liability, personal injury, economic loss, intellectual property (patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright), and insurance matters.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.


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