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 Expert  722958

Expert in Polymeric Materials, Flooring, Innovation Management, Ideation, Intellectual Property

Available for your Consulting and Expert Witness Needs

Pennsylvania (PA)
Education Work History Career AccomplishmentsPublicationsConsulting Services Expert Witness Market Research

Summary of Expertise: Listed with other top experts in: 
Expert spent 34 years in new product development at Armstrong World Industries. He was technical leader/project manager on specific projects and successful developments of new flooring products. He has experience with "Stage/Gate" processes. He held multiple positions in developing flooring and foamed insulation products.

He was responsible for developing short- and long-range strategic research planning. This included utilizing external resources for assessing trends and technology. Research projects and cooperative projects with external sources were established based upon strategic research planning. As Intellectual Property Manager, Expert provided input to strategic research planning of R&D unit managers.

His expertise in polymer processing includes those polymers used to manufacture vinyl flooring, including rotogravure sheet flooring, vinyl tile, and commercial sheet flooring. Processes within his expertise include plastisol processing; melt processes such as calendering, extrusion, and roll press/stencil consolidation processing; and lamination processes, including printed films. He has experience in processing non-PVC polymers such as polyolefins, polyesters, and polyurethanes for flooring applications. He also has broad experience in processing polymeric coating formulations.


new product development


strategic research planning


polymer processing

Expert is a registered patent agent with experience in drafting patent applications and dealing with the US Patent Office working with Duane Morris LLP. He also has experience in patent litigation both as a fact witness, as well as multiple Expert Witness experience. Expert developed expertise in flooring materials during his 34 years at Armstrong World Industries. He has been an R&D Senior Scientist/Project Manager, and held multiple R&D Management positions. He is experienced in carpet, ceramic tile, wood, and vinyl flooring materials. He holds 37 U.S. patents related to flooring materials and processes.

Expert has 14 years of experience as a Senior Scientist/Project Manager and 13 years of management experience in vinyl flooring products. He has held the position of Innovation Manager--Residential Flooring Products, responsible for R&D and Styling & Design for new vinyl flooring products. In this position he had a staff of 65 professionals and budget responsibility of over $12 million. He had responsibility for development of advanced coatings for use in flooring products. This includes solvent-based, water-based, 100% solids, and sol-gel compositions. They include UV coating, e-beam, and thermal curing technologies. He established the correlation of coating properties to flooring performance. He executed cooperative research agreements with university resources to study the mechanics of abrasion resistance of coatings for flooring products. He also developed technologies for gloss control.

He is experienced in UV coating materials including urethane acrylates, polyester acrylates, epoxy acylates, and ceramer organic/inorganic materials. He has broad experience in composite coatings on PVC layers, films, and UV cured/sol-gel composite coatings. His experience in release coatings include UV coatings, water-based, and melt-based materials. He built on his Ph.D. in organic chemistry to develop a knowledge of polymer chemistry, including polymer synthesis and polymer modification. He has a technical and practical understanding of the relationship of polymer chemistry/structure to polymer physical properties. He has applied his knowledge of polymer chemistry to coating formulation development and composite structures for flooring products.

Expert is a registered patent agent. He holds 42 U.S. patents and multiple international patents. He has experience working with law firms in: drafting and executing patent applications; preparing responses to U.S. Patent Office actions; and conducting preliminary patentability searches. Experience as Expert Witness in patent litigation. Expert spent seven years as Intellectual Property Manager for Armstrong World Industries. He established a worldwide IP strategy and process across multiple flooring businesses, increasing the number of valuable patent applications by 300%. He has conducted ideation and invention-on-demand. He was co-leader with an Armstrong attorney in defending Armstrong in a patent infringement lawsuit versus Mannington. He has experience in providing depositions and testifying in court during patent litigation. He has conducted competitive patent analysis and strategy, and developed "blocking strategy."

He participated in developing Armstrong World Industries' Floor Division strategy in his position as Innovation Manager--Residential Flooring and as Intellectual Property Manager. He also participated in a "Market Expansion Team" composed of Marketing, Advertising, Production, and Logistics personnel. In his R&D Management positions, he had responsibility for strategic research planning.


commercial floor


floor covering


claim (patent)


Doctrine of Equivalents




patent claim chart


patent claim construction


patent claim construction brief


patent infringement


patent law


patent prosecution


patent specification


flooring material


vinyl flooring


coating technology


coating material


polymer chemistry




intellectual property


corporate strategic planning

Show Secondary and Basic Areas of Expertise
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;  Allentown, Pennsylvania;  Reading, Pennsylvania;  Scranton, Pennsylvania;  Bethlehem, Pennsylvania;  Trenton, New Jersey;  Camden, New Jersey;  Wilmington, Delaware;  Baltimore, Maryland;  and Alexandria, Virginia.

Often requested
with this expert:

PVC Formulating, Compounding, Extrusion, Testing, Product...
Polymeric Flooring: Coatings, Repairs and Maintenance
Adhesive Consulting, Formulating, & Research in Structural,...
Floors, Slips & Falls, Floor Covering, Carpet, Wood, Stone,...

Year   Degree   Subject   Institution   Honors
1969   PhD   Organic Chemistry   University of New Hampshire   NSF Traineeship
1966   BS   Chemistry   Junitata College  

Work History:
Years   Employer   Department   Title   Responsibilities

2005 to


(Undisclosed Consulting Company)



Owner, Consultant


Expert has consulted with two patent law firms on technical/legal issues. He has also consulted on a nine-week contract, conducting an intellectual property and technology assessment. Expert has been a fact witness in a patent litigation trial, and also has had experience as an Expert Witness in two patent litigations. Multiple experience as technical consultant with large organizations.

2004 to 2004


Duane Morris LLP


Patent Department


Patent Agent


Expert wrote patent applications, responsed to USPTO Office Actions, and conducted patentability searches.

1996 to 2003


Armstrong World Industries


Flooring Division


Technology Leader and Intellectual Property Manager


He lead his team in search of new materials/processes for flooring materials, was responsible for the intellectual property process worldwide, and was responsible for strategy development. He held previous positions as Senior Scientist and Innovation Manager.

1994 to 1996


Armstrong World Industries


Flooring Division


Innovation Manager


Expert was responsible for R&D and Design groups for residential flooring products. He had a staff of 65 people including Ph.D./MS/BS chemists, engineers, technical specialists, and professional designers.

1992 to 1994


Armstrong World Industries


Flooring Division


Manager - Advanced Technology R&D Unit


He was responsible for identifying new technologies from internal and external sources, assessing practicality, and transferring the technology to Floor Products R&D units.

1987 to 1992


Armstrong World Industries


Flooring Division


Manager - Residential Sheet R&D Unit


Expert was responsible for developing and implementing new residential sheet flooring products. He had a staff of 25 professionals.

1985 to 1987


Armstrong World Industries


Industry Products Division


Manager - Insulation Products R&D Unit


He was responsible for all research and product development for insulation products: Armaflex foamed rubber insulation.

1984 to 1985


Armstrong World Industries


Physical Testing & Analytical Services


Manager - Physical Testing Unit


He was responsible for physical testing in support of all R&D activities for floor products, building products (ceiling/walls), carpet, industry products, and exploratory divisions. He had a staff of 30 technical specialists/technicians.

Career Accomplishments:

Expert is a member of the America Chemical Society, the Society of Plastic Engineers, and the National Association of Patent Practitioners.


He is a registered patent agent.

Publications and Patents Summary

Expert has over 10 publications and 42 U.S. patents.

Selected Publications and Publishers  
 - U.S. Patent and Trademark Office  

Consulting Services:
Selected Consulting Examples:
  • Expert consulted with Armstrong World Industries on chemical embossing and vinyl flooring processing problems.
  • He consulted with Barley Syder LLP on a patent application and and response to office actions.
  • Expert consulted with Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice on a patent infringement issue for one of their clients.
  • Expert has consulted with two different law firms as an Expert Witness in two different patent litigation trials.
  • Expert has consulted as technical expert with multiple large and medium companies.
Recent Client Requests:
  • Expert in hard surface flooring materials to consult on manufacturing process, coating technologies, wear layers and product development..
  • Expert in floating tile flooring to consult on unique technology.
  • Ultrasonic welding joint design expert for consulting on PVC tube extrusion.
  • Intota expert network for consulting on Epoxy Flooring.
  • Expert in chemistry for assessment of intellectual property and technology review.
  • Key resin expert for consulting on evaluation of an epoxy trowel floor system.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your expert consulting needs.  Expert is available for consulting to corporate, legal and government clients.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Expert Witness:
Expert Witness Experience Summary:
Expert provided depositions and trial witness testimony for Congoleum vs. Tarkett in a patent infringement case in Federal Court in Philadelphia. He also provided depositions for Armstrong in the Mannington vs. Armstrong patent infringement case in Delaware Federal Court. He participated in depositions of Mannington personnel, providing assistance to the lead attorney. Expert has been involved as an Expert Witness in two separate patent litigation trials.
Recent Litigation Client Requests:
  • Expert in Patent Litigation.
  • Vinyl flooring expert for consulting on vinyl flooring practicability and durability.
  • Epoxy flooring expert for consulting on product selection.
  • Clean room expert for consulting on requirements.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding expert testimony, litigation consulting and support, forensic services, or any related expert witness services.  A few litigation needs include product liability, personal injury, economic loss, intellectual property (patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright), and insurance matters.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

International Experience:
Country / Region   Summary
Germany   Expert took multiple two-week long trips to Armstrong's DLW Flooring subdsidiary for technical consulting and IP development.
England   He took multiple week-long trips to Armstrong's Teeside England plant for new product development and processing trials.

Language Skills:
Foreign Language   Description
German   Expert can speak and read German but is not fluent.

Market Research:
He developed multiple flooring products that have been successfully brought to market.

Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your marketing research, industry research, and company research needs.  For research needs involving multiple experts or secondary research, a Research Director can be assigned to coordinate the work into a custom report for you as a potentially quicker and more cost effective alternative to doing this work yourself or hiring a boutique consultancy.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Additional Skills and Services:

He has given many training sessions and seminars in his 34-year career.

Supplier and Vendor Location and Selection

Expert has broad experience in identifying, evaluating, and selecting vendors/suppliers. He has also established joint venture relationships with multiple vendors/suppliers.


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