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 Expert  723388

Expert in Display Materials, Lamp Materials, Electronic Materials (Powders, Thin Films, Nano)

Available for your Consulting and Expert Witness Needs

California (CA)
Education Work History Career AccomplishmentsPublicationsConsulting Services Expert Witness Market Research

Summary of Expertise: Listed with other top experts in: 
Expert is a multidiscipliarian managing development & commercialisation from start-ups to sales in electronic displays, lamps & electronic materials. He has spent nearly a decade developing hot, cold & sintered cathodes for gas discharge lamps including use in signage, automotive lamps, avionic LCD back lights & analytical instruments at Masonlite & Cathodeon. He worked also on field emission cathodes for CRTs & field emission displays/lamps leading an industrial consortium with Oxford University, & also on carbon nanotubes for clients. Cathode work included ruggedisation, low noise designs, production troubleshooting & patents.

In terms of commercialisation, he has over 20 years experience winning new business by developing new products & presenting them to customers. Thus, he brought Lite Array, Inc. into worldwide sales of thin film electroluminescent display modules, & also developed OLED displays there winning the Eastman Kodak license & contributing to the business plan that led to establising a pilot plant in China using a novel method for reducing cost. He has prepared & presented proposals winning government funds at Smiths Industries, & avionic display contracts at Ferranti interfacing customers such as British Aerospace & Embraer in deals worth $9m (using novel features such as universal fitting for cost reduction or active contrast filters). Several products were developed & improved at Cathodeon for lamps & laser applying new techniques such as advanced cathode designs & methods of sealing. At Lite Array & Ferranti he prepared sales brochures, product specifications, company brochure & press releases; also he managed the web site & participated in international exhibitions.

Regarding competitive intelligence, he has monitored competitors & their technologies whilst at Lite Array & BBV Digital including prices & performance. As an example he found new blue LEDs as an opportunity & threat for billboard video displays subsequently visiting suppliers in Taiwan & China securing LED modules as second generation products. He also compared OLEDs & thin film electroluminescent technologies for medical & industrial instrument markets. Another example was the analysis of the window of opportunity for a gas ion laser compared to products from existing players, & ROI possible before replacement by solid state lasers.

Product development of devices over 20 years included CRTs & flat panel matrix displays such as LCDs, EL, OLEDs & VFDs for industrial, automotive, avionic & medical instrumentation. Gas discharge devices were developed as lamps or signs for the signage market at Masonlite, & analytical instrumentation industry at Cathodeon. Rapid development was acheived using concurrent engineering management. Several years were spent in development of gas discharge lamps & lasers at Cathodeon & Masonlite. Improved & new products included a brighter UV deuterium lamp, quieter xeonon lamps, new mercury lamps, flat electrodeless lamp, aircraft LCD back light, & automotive brake lamps.

Work on electrodes at Masonlite was for for cold cathode fluorescent lamps, & at Cathodeon for specialised gas discharge lamps in analytical instrumentation. Electrodes were also studied for clients such as field emitting carbon nanotubes, & special materials for electroluminescent lamps & organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs); this included some work on flexible electrodes. He has worked with transparent conductive electrodes such as indium tin oxide for over 20 years, & studied possible uses of carbon nanotubes. Aluminised & other metal electrodes were prepared as thin films for displays.




field-emitting cathode




competitive analysis


competitive intelligence


device product development


product management


material product development


product improvement


rapid product development


discharge lamp


high-technology lighting device


lamp material



One of his main flat panel technologies is electroluminescence. This includes preparation & testing of all types of inorganic electroluminiescent displays including AC, DC, thin films & powders at General Electric, Smiths Industries & Lite Array, Inc. Also, he has led teams on small molecule organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) at Lite Array (winning the Eastman Kodak license) & for client studies. His M.Sc. in Materials Science & Ph.D in Physics included effects of phosphor crystallinity & gas adsorption on EL display efficiency & life. Presentations & seminars on EL were given at conferences & universities in Europe & Japan. He commercialised thin film EL display modules selling into industrial & medical markets worldwide at Lite Array as CTO & VP of Marketing.

Expert has a widespread technical & marketing background in electronic display technology including liquid crystal displays (LCDs), vacuum fluorescent displays (VFDs), electroluminecent (EL) & organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). He invented an LCD spacing technique for prototypes used in automotive displays, characterised LCDs at Smiths Industries & BBV Digital including dyed guest host & polymer dispersed liquid crystals. He liaised with LCD suppliers in Japan, Europe & the US over 20 years. Similarly, he worked with VFD suppliers & conducted some in-house R&D resulting in a patent on low voltage phosphors. Work on field emission display technology at Masonite included leading an industrial consortium with Oxford University, & again at Informative View for clients interested in carbon nanotube cathodes & displays/lamps. Liaison activities were with pioneers in nanoparticles for use in displays including porous silicon. Also, he has prepared nanosize materials & phosphors. Other work has been in preparation & characterization of color & contrast enhancement filters for various display technologies. Recent work was on billboard video displays using LEDs & LCDs.

His work on electronic material includes coating phosphors, dielectrics, metals & organic films for thin & thick film electroluminescence & for OLEDs. Techniques employed were RF sputtering, evaporation, screen printing, roll to roll, spraying, settling & electrophoresis. Besides coating, actual materials synthesized included nano size II-VI & IV-VI semiconductors. Characterization methods were BET surface area, adsorption of monolayers, tap density & novel optical techniques (e.g. to assess the optimum coating weight for a CRT phosphor screen). Encapsulation materials studies have been on glass frit & epoxy sealants, resins & desiccants. Extensive work was done also on dielectric breakdown for inorganic dielectric thin films. Client work has included examining business plans & prospects for flexible electrodes, carbon nanotubes, FEDs, photovoltaic solar cells & self assembled monolayers. Some design studies also undertaken on use of flexible electrodes & carbon nanotubes with several inventions on fabrication & coating. He was an invited speaker for a seminar at UC Berkley on nanotechnology in 2005.

Extensive work was undertaken at Masonlite working with customers & production on mechanisms of failure in cold cathode fluorescent lamps used in LCD back lights, architectural lighting & signage. Also at Cathodeon he was working on hot cathodes in lamps used in analytical instrumentation. He worked with Oxford University to confirm the mechanism of electrode blackening. Other studies were of sputtering damage & degradation of phosphor coated tubing. Expert has prepared & characterised ZnS & CdSe as nanoparticle powder & thin film phosphors. He studied also effects of adsorbed gases regarding charge transfer on ZnS affecting efficiency & life, also effects of particle size & crystallinity (M.Sc & Ph.D)


electroluminescent display


electroluminescent panel


flat-panel display


electronic display technology


field-emitting display


electronic material


electronic material processing


fluorescent lamp failure analysis


II-VI semiconductor material

Innovation work has included cost saving schemes to open up business for OLED back electrodes allowing pilot production, & for a universal fit CRT display system winning contracts of about $3m. Other innovations have been in an active contrast enhancement filter, synthesis & deposition of carbon nanotube field emitters, & ruggedised & novel lamp cathodes including patents. Other patents include improvements to phosphors such as those for low voltage field emission. There was liaison also in acquiring licenses such as for OLEDs from Eastman Kodak, & for laser annealing technology to make brighter thin film electroluminescent displays. He led a consortium of industry & Oxford University to explore field emission cathode lamps & displays initially for signage applications. Liaison took place also with pioneers in conductive polymers for light emitting thin films, nanosize phosphors & porous silicon.

He has specialized in both organic & inorganic luminescence of powder & thin film phosphors for over 20 years. This includes synthesis, coating & characterisation at $ multibillon companies such as General Electric & Smiths Industries, also medium size companies such as Lite Array, Inc., Masonlite & Cathodeon. End uses have been in flat panel displays, lamps & signs.

Specific experience has been developing screening methods for CRTs including settling & electrophorsis. This included a novel suggestion for a new optical method to assess the optimum coating thickness. Expert has experience in assessing markets for employers & clients including electroluminescence, special gas discharge lamps, self assembled monolayers, nanosize particles, flexible electrode, & carbon nanotubes. He gathers information from a large network of contacts, customers, membership of societies such as the SID, RSC, IoP, & Materials Research Society, & from searches on the web & patent offices. He has prepared nanosize particles, along with characterisation & coatings mainly for light emission.






luminescent screen


market assessment


new technology business value measurement



New product designs were carried out & managed for lamp cathodes at Masonlite & Cathodeon, & for electronic displays at Smiths Industries, Ferranti & Lite Array, Inc. These often included novel processing methods to reduce costs, improve yields or improve performance e.g. brighter, greater efficiency, & longer life as in electroluminecence.

Product design covered both displays & lamps as devices, as well as modules with electronics conforming to UL & EMI/EMC requirements. He managed multidisciplinary engineering teams at Ferranti in avionics, Smiths Industries in automotive instruments & for ruggedized EL displays at Lite Array for medical & industrial instruments. Particular attention was given to rapid development through Simultaneous Engineering, Total Quality Management, Design Reviews & Quality Assurance to ISO 9000 (including provision of Operating Procedures & novel testing methods).

He has monitored Nanotechnology & liaised with pioneers in carbon nanotubes & nanosize semiconductors & phosphors. Synthesis & characterisation included nano size selenides & tellurides. Patentable ideas were developed on carbon nanotube synthesis, deposition & use in field emission cathode devices or displays. He was an invited speaker at a seminar on nanotechnology held at CA Berkeley, 2005.

Experience in thin film technology includes RF sputtering & thermal evaporation of II-VI semiconductors & phosphors, dielectrics, metals & organic films. M.Sc. studies also included techniques for thin film deposition & characterisation. Studies were made of annealing by laser & heat regarding grain growth & crystallinity.


new product design


new product assessment


new product development


new product development management


research and development management






thin-film technology


thin film


thin-film electroluminescent display

Show Secondary and Basic Areas of Expertise
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: San Jose, California;  San Francisco, California;  Sacramento, California;  Oakland, California;  Stockton, California;  Fremont, California;  Modesto, California;  Santa Rosa, California;  Hayward, California;  and Reno, Nevada.

Often requested
with this expert:

Displays, Flat Panel Displays, Liquid Crystal, Plasma,...
Patent Engineering, Display Technology and Power...
Electronic Displays
Novel Display Technology; Functional Materials; Organic,...

Year   Degree   Subject   Institution   Honors
1974   Ph.D.   Physics   Brunel University  
1970   M.Sc.   Molecular Science of Materials   University of Greenwich  
1967   B.Sc.   Chemistry   University of Bristol   Hons Degree

Work History:
Years   Employer   Department   Title   Responsibilities

1998 to 2003


Lite Array, Inc.



CTO & VP of Marketing


He was responsible for integrating product development from a start-up into world wide sales. Directed both inorganic & organic thin film research for electronic displays; monitored competitors & competing technologies. Fostered partnerships with universities & companies. Based in the US & China.

1997 to 1998


BBV Digital Ltd.



R&D Manager


Developed liquid crystal & LED displays for billboard video screens. Selected & tested lighting films & optical filters.

1993 to 1997


Masonlite Ltd.



Technical Manager


Developed gas discharge lamps, cathodes & phosphor coated tubing for the signage industry, automotive lighting & avionic LCDs. Also, directed the accreditation of the ISO 9000 quality system & troubleshooting of production issues.

1991 to 1993


Electro-Light Technologies





Client studies worldwide in specialized lamps & electronic displays.

1988 to 1991


Cathodeon Ltd.



Technical Director


Directed R&D for new & existing products in discharge lamps, cathodes & lasers, mainly for analytical instrumentation.

1984 to 1988


Ferranti Defence Systems Ltd.



Manager of Head Down Displays


Managed existing programs in aircraft & ground based display systems, & customer proposals for new business. Technologies included monochrome/color CRTs & LCDs.

1978 to 1984


Smiths Industries plc.


Automotive Instrument Systems Ltd.


Chief Engineer, Displays


Directed R&D into flat panel display devices & systems for automotive instrumentation including EL, VFDs, & LCDs. Particular emphasis on viewing ergonomics including design & measurements of contrast enhancement filters.

1976 to 1978


Rank plc.


Rank Electronic Tubes Ltd.


Project Controller


Supervised development of cathode ray tube screens & materials for industrial & defense uses, including projection CRTs, head down aircraft displays, & viewfinders.

Career Accomplishments:

Expert has been a member of the Society for Information Display since 1978 & served twice on the Program Committee. He is also a member of the Institute of Physics & is a Chartered Physicist. In addition, he is a Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, & a Member of the Materials Research Society.


C. Phys.

Professional Appointments

For some years, Expert was on the Editorial Board of the Displays Journal.

Publications and Patents Summary

He has some 18 publications, papers, radio broadcast, presentations & chapter on Automotive & Marine Displays in the book Displays Engineering. In addition, he has some 8 patents & several pending.

Selected Publications and Publishers  
 - Elsevier Science Publishers/North Holland  
 - Displays Journal  
 - International Conference on Automotive Electronics  

Government Experience:
Years   Agency   Role   Description
1996 to 1997   Dept of Trade & Industry (UK)   Led consortium of industrial companies   Expert initiated & led a consortium of industries with Oxford University developing field emission lamps for signs & displays.
2006 to 2006   US Dept of State   Review of proposal for an emissive display   Expert was invited to conduct a critical review & evaluation of a proposal for a display (details confidential).
1980 to 1982   Ministry of Defence (UK)   Led & reported on display R&D   Expert led & won a proposal for funding from the Ministry of Defence for R&D into a hybrid thin & thick film electroluminescent display, managed & reported on the work.

Consulting Services:
Selected Consulting Examples:
  • Whilst in the UK, Expert evaluated organic & inorganic electroluminescent display technologies presenting findings to the Board of a US company active in LED light sources.
  • Studies were completed in 2005 of opportunities & viability for self assembled monolayer technology.
  • Recent studies were undertaken in 2004 & 2005 of flexible electrodes for electroluminescent lamps & signs, & for flexible LCDs using printing or roll to roll technology.
  • Since 2005, he has been involved in the evaluation & project designs for carbon nanotube lamps & displays.
  • R&D was conducted including assessment of suppliers for LCDs & LEDs with optical evaluations for use in billboard displays.
Recent Client Requests:
  • Expert for consulting on LCD ruggedness
  • Expert for consulting on Phosphor for Induction Lights.
  • Uv curing lamp expert expert for consulting on UV Curing Lamps.
  • Expert for consulting on Outgassing analysis.
  • Expert to set-up a business in advertising on LED banners.
  • Expert in OLED for consulting on OLED.
  • Expert in powder coating of phosphors.
  • Sputtering expert for consulting on sputtering target.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your expert consulting needs.  Expert is available for consulting to corporate, legal and government clients.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Expert Witness:
Expert Witness Experience Summary:
Expert is familiar with patent issues taking out patents & searching the literature on prior art etc.
Recent Litigation Client Requests:
  • Expert in LED Billboard technology for consulting on legal case regarding loss of technology due to attorney negligence
  • LED expert needed for consulting regarding LED Billboard 2.
  • Digital LED screen engineering expert for consulting on LED billboard.
  • Digital LED screen engineering expert for consulting on LED billboard.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding expert testimony, litigation consulting and support, forensic services, or any related expert witness services.  A few litigation needs include product liability, personal injury, economic loss, intellectual property (patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright), and insurance matters.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

International Experience:
Years   Country / Region   Summary
1998 to 2002   Peoples   As CTO & VP of Marketing at Lite Array, Inc., Expert worked in China for several long stay working visits in their off-shore production & R&D facilities.
1998 to 2003   USA   Also as CTO & VP of Marketing for Lite Array, Inc., Expert spent time directing activities at the California laboratories of Lite Array, Inc. including thin film electroluminescence & OLEDs. Subsequently has continued working in the USA as a consultant.
1967 to 1998   UK/Europe   As a former UK resident, Expert worked in the UK on electronic materials, displays & lamps up to 1998. Whilst working at Smiths Industries & Ferranti, he visited several European countries working with Volvo, BMW, VW, Audi, & Fiar on automotive & aerospace proposals. He was a Senior Scientist at the Hirst Research Laboratories of the General Electric Company working on powder phosphors & semiconductors, & a Staff Scientist at Zenith Radio Research on nanosize semiconducting particles.
1987 to 1988   Brazil   He participated in presenting & negotiating a winning proposal for an avionics display for Embraer.
1979 to 2003   Japan   Expert has made several visits to Japan over many years liaising with companies & universities in various display technologies including LCDS, VFDs & EL e.g. at Optrex, Futaba, NEC,Ulvac, & Tokki etc.

Language Skills:
Foreign Language   Description
French   Can read & write, & some speaking ability.
German   Rudimentary knowledge from studies over two years including one at university.

Market Research:
VP of Marketing at Lite Array, Inc., '98 -'03 bringing thin film electroluminescence research to fruition with initial year sales of around $2m for industrial & medical instrumentation. Managed web site, sales brochures, specifications, distributor & representative network, & exhibitions.

Marketing at Ferranti plc supervising, costing & presenting over 30 proposals for international aerospace contracts in avionic displays; won several worth $3m.

Presentions & customer interfacing at Smiths Industries helping to win orders from BMW, Peugeot, Ford & British Leyland for new solid state automotive dashboard displays.

Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your marketing research, industry research, and company research needs.  For research needs involving multiple experts or secondary research, a Research Director can be assigned to coordinate the work into a custom report for you as a potentially quicker and more cost effective alternative to doing this work yourself or hiring a boutique consultancy.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Additional Skills and Services:

He gave a seminar for UC Berkeley in April 2005 on carbon nanotubes for displays & lighting. Seminars held also by invitation on electroluminescence at Tottori University in Japan, & on OLEDs & electroluminescence for M.Sc. students at Notttingham Trent University. Feb '02. Participated also in various company training seminars.

Supplier and Vendor Location and Selection

A particular strength of Expert is in the rapid location of vendors & suppliers worldwide of electronic materials & devices suitable for lighting & displays, often with unusual materials. Over several decades the list of examples is very long but a selection includes the following.

Located & liaised with three US suppliers of specialised ceramics for RF sputtering targets from '98 to '03.

Found suppliers in Taiwan & China for LED modules in 1997 paying them visits for use in outdoor video screens.

Located unique products in California for non reflective black screens for use in projection. screens around '97.

Found suppliers for licensing technologies such as laser annealing from a UK university, & various contrast enhancement filters from two US sources.

Obtained OLED materials from new sources found in Taiwan, Japan & the US. Worked also with OLED material suppliers found in Germany.

Found various suppliers of getters to absorb gases & moisture in OLEDs & FEDs.

Located sources of transparent electrodes & alternatives to the usual ITO .

Other Skills and Services

Adept at documentation for sales proposals, & also operating procedures for the ISO 9000 quality system (obtaining accreditation for Masonlite Ltd).

Strategic analysis of business plans & prospects for new products (at Cathodeon, Lite Array & for clients).

Operated since 2004 with clients in Europe & the US for technical & marketing aspects of displays, lamps & lighting. Topics included carbon nanotube cathodes, flexible electrodes, FED phosphors, & back lighting.


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