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 Expert  724966

Expert in Human Factors: Human Error and Accident Reduction, Performance and Safety into Complex Systems, etc.

Available for your Consulting and Expert Witness Needs

Virginia (VA)
Education Work History Career AccomplishmentsPublicationsConsulting Services Expert Witness

Summary of Expertise:

Listed with other top experts in: 

Involved in accident analysis from the point of view of human error as a causal or contributory factor in the accident. Led the investigation for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission into the extent to which human error and training played a role in the accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in 1989.

accident analysis

Supported DOT NHTSA in the research on stoplight design effects on accidents. Demonstrated that the single high mounted stop light reduced the probability of being involved in a rear end collision by 54%. Also for NHTSA conducted a series of investigations on daytime running lights effects on accident potential. Also for NHTSA conducted an effort to design a standard control panel for cars, buses and trucks.

automotive human factors engineering

45 years experience in behavioral science research for spacecraft, aircraft, ships, offshore oil well drilling platforms, nuclear power plants, weapon systems, consumer products, systems and devices for the disabled and aged, information systems, process control systems, manufacturing systems, and robotic systems.

behavioral science

Evaluation of the design of human-machine interfaces for drill ships and offshore platforms for BP/AMOCO, and development of recommendations to correct deficiencies.

commercial vessel

Studied human error potential in nuclear power plants, spacecraft, aircraft, Navy and commercial ships, military weapon systems, medical systems, and consuner product systems, and developed concepts to reduce the incidence of errors and to make systems error tolerant.

human error rate

Conducted human factors engineering for design of human-machine interfaces for spacecraft, aircraft, nuclear power plant control systems, Navy and commercial ships systems, consumer products, systems for the aged, automotive systems, robotic systems, air traffic control systems, and advanced information technology.

human factors engineering

Information technology design for usability, readability, reliability, and quality.

information technology

Human-machine interface design and evaluation for spacecraft systems, aircraft systems, air traffic control systems, nuclear power plant control systems, robotic systems, ship systems, weapon systems.

man-machine interface

Safety analysis for ship systems, aircraft systems, spacecraft systems, consumer products, control systems, and weapon systems.


Ship manpower reduction, human performance and safety enhancement, improvement of crew habitability, and ship survivability.


Accident investigation for Navy ships and submarines.

shipping accident

Workload assessment on Navy ships and commercial offshore platforms to reduce workload and manpower requirements.

work load


offshore accident


accident reduction

Show Secondary and Basic Areas of Expertise
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Baltimore, Maryland;  Frederick, Maryland;  Gaithersburg, Maryland;  Bowie, Maryland;  Richmond, Virginia;  Alexandria, Virginia;  and Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Year   Degree   Subject   Institution  
1964   PhD   Experimental Psychology   Fordham University  
1962   MS   Experimental Psychology   Fordham University  
1958   BS   Experimental Psychology   St Joseph's University, Philadelphia  

Work History:
Years   Employer   Department   Title   Responsibilities

1982 to 2008


Carlow International Inc.





Responsible for overall management of contract programs and for advanced development within the corporation. Also served as program manager/principal investigator for specific efforts, with special emphasis on efforts to reduce the potential for human error incidence and/or efforts to make systems error tolerant.

1971 to 1982


Essex Corporation


Behavioral Sciences


VP, Director of Behavioral Sciences


Responsible for the direction of programs in the Behavioral Sciences Division, including the areas of human factors engineering; human resources development; human performance research, test and evaluation; crew systems development; space systems; training research and development; and human factors for energy systems

1965 to 1971


URS Matrix


Human Factors Branch


VP, Director of Human Factors


Developed and evaluated technology for NASA, Navy Sea Systems Command, Army Human Engineering Laboratory, U.S. Air Force Space Command, Exxon Oil Company, and Government Intelligence Agencies.

1963 to 1965


Grumman Aerospace


Apollo Lunar Module


Head, Crew Systems SDimulation Group


Managed and conducted computer based simulation studies of lunar module rendezvous, docking, landing, powered descent and abort.

Career Accomplishments:

Fellow - Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Fellow-Washington Academy of Sciences ASNE SNAME


Certified Human Factors Engineering Professional


• President of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society - 1992-93 • Selected as a member of a special Sciences Advisory Committee to assess the adequacy of the NASA Integrated Research and Development Plan - 1991 • Awarded the Alexander C. Williams Award by the Human Factors Society for outstanding contribution to the design of a major operational system, the center high mounted automobile stop light - 1989 • Selected as a member of the NASA Space Sciences Technical Advisory Committee on Technology Requirements for Human Performance on Long Duration Space Missions, 1989-90 • Elected as the First Chair of the Systems Development Technical Group of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 1985-86, and serves as the current Chair. • General Chair of the 1985 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, October 1985 • Named a Fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society in 1983 • Named a Fellow of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 1981 • Selected by the NRC to lead an investigation into the role of human factors engineering in the Three Mile Island accident, 1979-80 • Recipient of the John C. Niedermair Award for Outstanding Technical Paper at the U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command's Association of Scientists and Engineers Annual Technical Symposium, in 1997 and 1999.

Publications and Patents Summary

Over 200 publications

Selected Publications and Publishers  
 - Handbook of Human Factors Test and Evaluation  
 - Naval Engineers Journal  
 - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)  

Government Experience:
Years   Agency   Role   Description
1986 to 1987   U.S. Army   Principal Investigator   Development and application of human factors engineering technology to Army communications and electronics systems, U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory, Contract DAAA15-86-D-0005,
1987 to 1990   U.S. Army   Principal Investigator   Development of operator cognitive models and concepts and criteria for soldier-robot interfaces required with supervisory control of Army robotic systems, U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory, contract DAA15-87-C-0058, 1987-90
1989 to 1989   Navy   Program Manager   Development of draft OPNAV and SECNAV instructions on Manpower, Personnel, Training, Safety, and Human Engineering in the Navy in response to DoD Directive 5000.53, MPTS in Defence Systems, OP-11B, Contract N00024-85-D-4373, 1989
1988 to 1989   Consumer Product Safety Commission   Principal Investigator   Cognitive modeling of riding mower users and development of human engineering design requirements for riding mower controls, Consumer Product Safety commission, contract CPSC-C-88-1222, 1988-89

Consulting Services:
Selected Consulting Examples:
  • Program Manager - human factors engineering design of the MSH ship, task order contract with NAVSEA 55W5,contract N00024-85-D-4373, Task 1, Naval Sea Systems Command, 1985-86
  • Program Manager - human factors engineering design of the MSH ship, task order contract with NAVSEA 55W5,contract N00024-85-D-4373, Task 1, Naval Sea Systems Command, 1985-86
  • Program Manager for development of methods for measuring and assessing human performance reliability of Army systems during DT&E, U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command, Contract DAAKN-78-C-0079, October 1978
  • Program Manager – Development of HSI inputs to the preparation of the Specification of Performance Document, for NAVSEA 03, HSI Directorate, 2005.
  • Principal Investigator - Human Systems Integration (HSI) Support to the Naval Collaborative Engineering Environment (NCEE), Chief Engineer of the Navy, contract N00178-98-D-2023, 1999-2001.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding your expert consulting needs.  Expert is available for consulting to corporate, legal and government clients.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

Expert Witness:
Recent Litigation Client Requests:
  • Expert in control retrofit of a steel fabricating machine for injury litigation.
  • Expert in engineering and human factors for consulting on human factor and machine design/guarding/2 hand controls.
Click the green button above to contact Expert for a free initial screening call regarding expert testimony, litigation consulting and support, forensic services, or any related expert witness services.  A few litigation needs include product liability, personal injury, economic loss, intellectual property (patent, trademark, trade secret, copyright), and insurance matters.  Remember, your initial screening call to speak with Expert is free.

International Experience:
Years   Country / Region   Summary
1990 to 2001   Irish Republic   Ran Carlow Associates Ltd, a human factors engineering consulting company

Additional Skills and Services:
Other Skills and Services

Security Clearance: SECRET (DISCO)


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